Autism spectrum

Autism, formally called autism spectrum disorder or autism spectrum condition, is a neurodevelopmental disorder marked by deficits in reciprocal social communication and the presence of restricted and repetitive patterns... Wikipedia

  • Symptoms:  Difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and the presence of repetitive behavior or restricted interests
  • Complications:  Social isolation, educational and employment problems, anxiety, stress, bullying, depression, self-harm
  • Usual onset:  Early childhood
  • Duration:  Lifelong
  • Causes:  Multifactorial, with many uncertain factors
  • Risk factors:  Family history, certain genetic conditions, having older parents, certain prescribed drugs, perinatal and neonatal health issues
  • Diagnostic method:  Based on combination of clinical observation of behavior and development and comprehensive diagnostic testing completed by a team of qualified professionals (including psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, neuropsychologists, pediatricians, and speech-language pathologists). For adults, the use of a patient's written and oral history of autistic traits becomes more important
  • Differential diagnosis:  Intellectual disability, anxiety, bipolar disorder, depression, Rett syndrome, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, schizoid personality disorder, selective mutism, schizophrenia, obsessive–compulsive disorder, social anxiety disorder, Einstein syndrome, PTSD, learning disorders (mainly speech disorders)
  • Management:  Applied behavior analysis, cognitive behavioral therapy, occupational therapy, psychotropic medication, speech–language pathology
  • Data source:  DuckDuckGo